TABLE 2.

Prevalence of Diabetes-Related Stigma (Percentage of Respondents Who Believe Diabetes Comes With Social Stigma), by Diabetes Type, Management Regimen, and Healthographic and Demographic Factors

Diabetes Type and Therapy RegimenType 1 Diabetes% (n)Type 2 Diabetes% (n)P
All76A (1,168)All52D (1,995)A vs. D <0.0001
B vs. C 0.006
D vs. E 0.0261
D vs. F 0.038
D vs. G <0.0001
Adults74B (1,001)No insulin49E (1,038)
Parents83C (166)Insulin55F (957)
Pump/MDI76 (1,093)Pump/MDI61G (336)
Healthographic/Demographic FactorsType 1 (% [n])Type 1 PType 2 (% [n])Type 2 P
A1C
 ≤7%
 >7%
74 (528)
78 (577)
NS49 (1,041)
56 (751)
<0.0005
BMI
 ≤25 kg/m2
 >25 kg/m2
75 (422)
74 (542)
NS47 (190)
52 (1,792)
0.033
Self-reported blood glucose control
 Not well controlled
 Neutral
 Well controlled
71 (42)
77A (430)
72B (497)
A vs. B 0.02864A (210)
53B (856)
48C (926)
A vs. B <0.0005
A vs. C <0.0005
B vs. C 0.004
Diabetes duration
 Diagnosis ≤10 years ago
 Diagnosis >10 years ago
84 (397)
72 (771)
<0.000153 (1,099)
50 (876)
NS
Sex
 Male
 Female
68 (379)
80 (787)
<0.000543 (638)
57 (1,352)
<0.0005
Depression
 Yes
 No
78 (160)
74 (811)
NS58 (480)
50 (1,515)
<0.0005
Income
 <$50,000
 ≥$50,000 to <$100,000
 ≥$100,000
75 (249)
76 (252)
79 (296)
NS51 (846)
54 (537)
53 (220)
NS
U.S. Region
 West
 Midwest
 South
 Northeast
76 (296)
73 (252)
76 (335)
76 (252)
NS53 (397)
51 (511)
52 (688)
51 (379)
NS
Education
 ≤High school diploma/equivalent
 Some college or bachelor’s degree
 Graduate or professional degree
73A (143)
74B (675)
80C (342)
B vs. C 0.01747A (291)
52B (1,301)
55C (391)
A vs. B 0.026
A vs. C 0.004