TABLE 1.

Patient Demographics

Group A (A1C <7%) (n = 25)Group B (A1C ≥7%) (n = 25)P
Age (years)*62.4 ± 10.163.9 ± 11.80.76
Sex (male/female)14/1117/80.56
BMI (kg/m2)*36.5 ± 10.136.2 ± 5.90.61
Duration of surgery (hours)*2.9 ± 2.13.5 ± 2.60.40
A1C (%)*6.2 ± 0.48.4 ± 1.1<0.0001
Pre-induction glucose (mg/dL)*123.5 ± 31.2189.8 ± 60.6<0.0001
Comorbidities (n)
 Hypertension18220.29
 Coronary artery disease1070.55
 Obstructive sleep apnea14170.56
 Malignancy561.00
 Chronic kidney disease160.10
Medications (n)
 Insulin5140.020
 Metformin20120.039
 Other antidiabetic drugs11121.00
 Antihypertensive drugs20220.70
 Chronic pain medications6130.08
 Anticoagulants730.29
Surgical procedure (n)
 Gynecological130.60
 Orthopedic960.54
 Colorectal750.74
 Spinal460.72
 Urological221.00
 Head and neck130.60
 Vascular101.00
  • * Mean ± SD.

  • Bold indicates statistical significance.