TABLE 1.

Demographic, HCU, and Activity/Participation Findings Between A1C Classifications (Total n = 79)

A1C Classification
VariableA1C <7% (goal met)A1C >7% (goal not met)StatisticaP
Participants, n (%)45 (57.0)34 (43.0)
Age, mean (SD), years58.9 (10.53)58.9 (11.85)0.0230.982
Female, n (% of females in study)24.0 (57.1)18.0 (42.9)}0.001χ20.972
Male, n (% of males in study)21.0 (56.8)16.0 (43.2)
Minority, n (% of minorities in study)11 (57.1)18 (42.9)}7.386χ20.007
Non-minority, n (% of non-minorities in study)34 (69.4)15 (30.6)
Number of comorbidities, mean (SD)2.9 (1.80)3.2 (2.28)–0.530.598
Number of doctor visits, mean/past 6 months (SD)5.3 (4.26)5.2 (3.89)0.1760.861
Number of ED visits, mean/past 6 months (SD)0.8 (1.57)1.9 (3.57)566.0U0.026
Number of hospital overnight stays, mean/past 6 months (SD)0.5 (1.39)5.3 (15.69)617.0U0.041
Number of medications, mean (SD)9.4 (6.07)7.9 (3.92)1.3320.187
IPAQ time in sitting, mean (SD) minutes/week404.0 (278.84)355.5 (271.90)0.7740.442
IPAQ total METs, mean/week (SD)3,661.4 (5,540.05)3,434.3 (5,519.33)0.1810.857
FAI domestic score, mean (SD) out of 1511.2 (3.66)11.9 (3.06)–0.8130.419
FAI leisure/work score, mean (SD) out of 157.5 (3.43)7.3 (3.01)0.3230.747
FAI outdoor score, mean (SD) out of 159.6 (3.12)9.4 (3.21)0.2830.778
FAI total score, mean (SD) out of 4528.4 (8.54)28.6 (7.68)–0.1010.92
Diabetes Knowledge Test score, mean (SD) out of 149.7 (2.52)9.8 (2.21)–0.2070.837
CIQ-home, mean (SD) out of 106.4 (2.92)6.3 (2.46)0.1740.863
CIQ-social, mean (SD) out of 128.0 (2.51)8.0 (2.23)–0.0820.935
  • a t Values from independent samples. t Tests are reported for all variables with three exceptions: minority status and sex used the χ2 test to compare categorical data, and when the assumption for equal variances across A1C categories was not met, the Mann-Whitney U test was used.