TABLE 2.

Demographic, HCU, and Activity/Participation Findings in ED Visitors Versus Non-Visitors (Total n = 93)

ED Visit in Past 6 Months
VariableYesNoStatisticaP
Participants, n4152
Age, mean (SD), years53.3 (10.0)62.7 (10.9)4.314<0.001
Female, n (% of females in study)21 (43.8)27 (56.3)}0.005χ20.946
Male, n (% of males in study)20 (44.4)25 (55.6)
Minority, n (% of minorities in study)18 (54.1)17 (48.6)}1.453χ20.228
Non-minority, n (% of non-minorities in study)22 (38.6)35 (61.4)
Number of comorbidities, mean (SD)3.7 (2.0)2.7 (1.9)–2.6560.009
A1C, mean (SD), %7.3 (1.5)6.9 (1.3)–1.1550.252
Number of doctor visits, mean/last 6 months (SD)7.2 (4.8)4.1 (3.4)–3.666<0.001
Number of hospital overnight stays, mean/last 6 months (SD)8 (19.3)0 (0.0)–2.650b0.011
Number of medications, mean (SD)9 (5.6)8.3 (4.6)–0.6890.493
IPAQ time in sitting, mean (SD), minutes/week458.8 (330.2)342.6 (236.9)–1.9740.051
IPAQ total METs, mean/week (SD)4,039 (5,828.3)2,604.4 (3,941.5)–1.326b0.190
FAI Domestic score, mean (SD) out of 1510.8 (3.9)11.7 (3.2)1.204b0.232
FAI Leisure/Work score, mean (SD) out of 156.5 (2.7)7.9 (3.5)2.0860.040
FAI Outdoor score, mean (SD) out of 158.3 (3.1)10.1 (2.9)2.7240.008
FAI total score, mean (SD) out of 4525.7 (8.2)29.7 (7.7)2.4320.017
Diabetes Knowledge Test score, mean (SD) out of 149.7 (2.3)9.7 (2.3)0.0090.993
CIQ-Home, mean (SD) out of 106.1 (2.9)6.3 (2.6)0.1950.846
CIQ-Social, mean (SD) out of 127.4 (2.4)8.1 (2.3)1.3990.165
  • a t Values from independent samples. t Tests are reported for all variables with two exceptions: minority status and sex used the χ2 test to compare categorical data.

  • b Used unequal variances t test results.