TABLE 4.

Demographic, HCU, and Activity/Participation Findings in Hospitalized Versus Non-Hospitalized Participants (Total n = 93)

Hospital Visit in Past 6 Months
VariableYesNoStatisticaP
Participants, n2467
Age, mean (SD), years51.9 (9.1)61.0 (11.3)3.627<0.001
Female, n (% of females in study)11 (22.9)37 (77.1)}0.7930.373
Male, n (% of males in study)14 (31.1)31 (68.9)
Minority, n (% of minorities in study)9 (25.7)26 (74.3)}0.0040.949
Non-minority, n (% of non-minorities in study)15 (26.3)42 (73.7)
Number of comorbidities, mean (SD)4.4 (1.8)2.7 (1.8)–3.992<0.001
A1C, mean (SD), %7.5 (1.5)6.9 (1.3)–1.4280.157
Number of doctor visits, mean/past 6 months (SD)8.4 (5.3)4.4 (3.4)–3.504b0.001
Number of ED visits, mean/past 6 months (SD)3.8 (3.6)0.5 (1.1)–4.439b<0.001
Number of medications, mean (SD)9.6 (6.1)8.3 (4.6)–1.1420.257
IPAQ time in sitting, mean (SD), minutes/week570.0 (366.8)329.1 (220.0)–3.086b0.004
IPAQ total METs, mean/week (SD)4,855.3 (7,486.5)3,335.3 (5,334.9)–0.9320.358
FAI domestic score, mean (SD) out of 159.8 (4.3)11.9 (3.0)2.213b0.034
FAI leisure/work score, mean (SD) out of 156.1 (2.9)7.7 (3.3)2.1450.035
FAI outdoor score, mean (SD) out of 157.8 (3.4)9.9 (2.8)3.0120.003
FAI total score, mean (SD) out of 4523.7 (8.8)29.5 (7.3)3.1920.002
Diabetes Knowledge Test score, mean (SD) out of 149.6 (2.5)9.7 (2.2)0.1770.860
CIQ-home, mean (SD) out of 105.5 (3.1)6.5 (2.6)1.490.140
CIQ-social, mean (SD) out of 127.6 (2.5)7.8 (2.3)0.3730.710
  • a t Values from independent samples. t Tests are reported for all variables with two exceptions: minority status and sex used the χ2 test to compare categorical data.

  • b Used unequal variances t test results.