TABLE 1.

Demographic, Laboratory, and Ultrasonographic Characteristics of the Studied Population According to 25(OH)D Level

25(OH)D Deficiency (n = 110)25(OH)D Insufficiency (n = 42)25(OH)D Sufficiency (n = 48)P*
Age (years)27.4 ± 4.129 ± 4.227.8 ± 40.6
Sex (female/male)56/5420/2220/280.8
Weight (kg)90.6 ± 4.892 ± 3.693.8 ± 3.50.43
Height (cm)162.6 ± 4.2166.6 ± 5.3166.9 ± 50.19
BMI (kg/m2)34.3 ± 1.733.2 ± 1.333.7 ± 1.70.04
Unhealthy diet (yes/no)82/2832/1032/160.003
Blood pressure (mmHg)
 Systolic87 ± 6.486 ± 590 ± 60.58
 Diastolic47 ± 6.649 ± 6.460 ± 6.40.66
Sodium (mEq/L)139 ± 2.9140 ± 3.4139.5 ± 3.10.52
Potassium (mEq/L)4.06 ± 0.364.1 ± 0.424.1 ± 0.40.21
Cortisol (µg/dL)13.5 ± 3.713.4 ± 4.814.7 ± 5.50.31
QUICKI0.328 ± 0.020.332 ± 0.020.336 ± 0.030.01
TSH (U/mL)2.2 ± 0.92.13 ± 0.851.9 ± 0.2(SE)0.7
Calcium (mg/dL)8.23 ± 0.68.4 ± 0.79 ± 0.40.03
Ionized calcium (mg/dL)3.6 ± 0.633.6 ± 0.524.2 ± 0.60.02
Urine calcium (mg/24 hours)38.2 ± 1671 ± 13.899.5 ± 27.10.02
Phosphorus (mg/dL)3.68 ± 0.543.6 ± 0.574 ± 0.50.23
ALP (IU/L)101 ± 14.6131 ± 13.679.5 ± 12.70.09
PTH (pg/mL)102.5 ± 16.885.6 ± 16.448.1 ± 110.000
25OHD (ng/mL)12.9 ± 1.822.6 ± 1.337.2 ± 2.90.000
FLD
 Mild (n = 43)812230.001
 Moderate (n = 87)6012150.001
 Severe (n = 70)4218100.001
SFT (cm)4.2 ± 0.83.7 ± 0.63 ± 0.50.001
  • Values are expressed as mean ± SD except where otherwise noted.

  • * Bold type denotes statistical significance.